Glossary of Poker Terms

Action : The betting in a specific hand or a poker game. A game with more of action is the game with more of betting. The player who begins the action is the player who makes the first bet.

Active player : The player already in the pot.

All-in : Having everybody's money in the pot.

Ante : A bet needed from all the players before starting a hand.

Baby : A small card, particularly an ace, 2, 3, 4, or 5. This term is used especially in games like razz and high-low split.

Back-door : In seven-card stud and hold'em, three cards to a flush or a straight after five cards have been dealt. Usually, this term is used for a hand made on the end that a player was not normally trying to make.

Bad beat : Having a hand which is a big favorite defeated as a result of a lucky draw, especially when the person drawing was playing wrongly by being in the pot in the first position.

Bad game : A game where your rivals are too good for you to make you win; and also a game where you're an underdog.

Bankroll: The amount of money you have available to wager.

Belly buster : A draw to an inside-straight. Also known as gut shot.

Best of it : A circumstances where a wager is expected to be profitable over a long period of time.

Bet : To contribute money in the pot before others do on any particular round.

Bettor : The person who first contributes money in the pot on any particular round.

Bet for value : To bet in order to be called by a lesser hand. You bet so as to make money and not to make your rivals fold.

Bicycle : Ace, 2, 3, 4, 5 - the best possible hand in lowball. It is also known as wheel and a baby straight. It is used in almost all the games.

Blank : A card that is not of any value to a player's hand.

Blind : In most of the games such as hold'em and draw lowball; a forced bet that one or more players must make to start the action on the first round of betting. With a new deal, the blind rotates around the table. The person whose turn it is to bet is said to be in the blind.

Bluff : A bet or a raise with a hand you do not believe is the best hand.

Board : The cards that are face up in a player's hand. In hold'em, the community cards.

Bring it in : To begin the betting on an early round.

Bug : A joker that can be used to make straights and flushes and can also be used to make a pair with aces, but not with any other cards.

Busted hand : A hand that does not create anything of value.

Button : When there is a house dealer, as in the card room of Las Vegas, the button is a round disc that rotates around the table to represent the dealer for the purpose of considering which player is to be first to perform. A button is essential in games like hold'em, draw lowball and five card draw.

Buy in : The minimum amount of money needed to sit down in a given game.

Call : To contribute in the pot an amount of money equivalent to a rival's bet or raise.

Call a raise cold : To call a double bet - i.e. a bet and a raise.

Caller : The person who calls a bet or a raise.

Chase : Continuing in a hand to try to outdraw a rival's hand you are sure is better than yours.

Card room : The place where the poker game is played.

Check : To decline to bet when it is your turn.

Check-raise : To check and then raise after a rival bets.

Chip : A round coin in different denomination representing money. It is also called a check by many professional gamblers.

Cinch : The best possible hand, particular the cards on board, when all the cards are out.

Closed hand : A hand where all the cards are disguised from rivals.

Come hand : A hand that has not been made, with more cards still to be dealt. Therefore, a four-card flush will be on a come hand.

Crying call : A call with a hand you think has a small chance of winning.

Cut the pot : To take the ratio from each pot as the profits for the person or the casino playing the game.

Dead hand : A hand a player may not proceed to play because of an indiscretion.

Dead money : Money contributed in the pot by the poker play players who have already folded their hands.

Dealer's choice : The player whose turn is to deal may select the game for that particular hand.

Draw : 1. to take one or more cards. 2. the part of poker in which each player gets five cards and then has the opportunity of discarding one or more of them and getting new cards in their place.

Drawing dead : Drawing to try to make a hand that cannot probably win because the rival already has a bigger hand. A player drawing to make a flush when a rival already has a full house is drawing dead.

Draw lowball : A part of poker in which the best low hand wins. See Appendix A.

Draw out : Improving your hand so as to beat a rival who had a better hand than yours before to your draw.

Door card : In stud games, the first exposed card in a player's hand.

Double belly buster : See Open-ended straight.

Early position : A position on a round of betting where you should perform before all the other players performs.

Edge : An advantage over a rival.

Effective odds : The percentage of the total amount of money you desire to win if you make your hand to the total amount of bets you will have to call to continue from the present round of betting to the end of the hand.

Equity : The amount of a given hand or the combination of cards.

Even money : A wager in which you desire to win the same amount as you bet. It is used to express the case in which the chances that one result will happen the same as the chances the opposite result will happen. Thus, whether the decent coin comes up heads or tails is an even-money proposition.

Expectation : The average profit (or loss) of any bet over a long period of time.

Favorite : In poker game, before all the cards are out, a hand that has the best chance of winning.

Fifth street : Each player is dealt with the fifth card in stud poker. The fifth and final community card on board in hold'em.

Fill : To draw a card that makes a hand. For instance, to fill a flush is to draw a fifth card of that suit.

Fill up : To make a full house.

Five-card draw : A part of poker in which players commences with five cards and then may draw to replace them. See Appendix A.

Five-card stud : A part of poker in which each player receives one disguise card and four exposed cards. See Appendix A.

Flat call : To call a bet without raising.

Flat limit : A betting limit in a poker game that does not rise from one round to the next round.

Flop : The first three exposed community cards in hold'em are dealt simultaneously. It is also used as a verb. For instance to flop a set is to make a three-of-a-kind on the flop.

Flush : Five cards of the same suit.

Fold : To come out of the pot rather than call a bet or raise.

Forced bet : A bet required to start the action on the first round of a poker hand. For instance, in seven card stud, the low card on board should make a forced bet.

Four-flush : Four cards to a flush.

Four-of-a-kind : Four cards of the same ranking. Four jacks is four-of- a-kind.

Fourth street : Each player is dealt with the fourth card in stud poker games. On board the fourth community card in hold'em.

Free card : A card that a player receive without having to call a bet.

Freeze out : The games where the players involve continue play poker till one player has all the money from the pot.

Full house : Three cards of one rank and two of another. Such as three aces and two 10s is a full house.